Dyslipidemia occurs when someone has abnormal levels of lipids in their blood. While the term describes a wide range of conditions, the most common forms of dyslipidemia involve:
- high levels of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), or bad cholesterol
- low levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), or good cholesterol
- high levels of triglycerides
- high cholesterol, which refers to high LDL and triglyceride levels
When LDL cholesterol levels are high, fatty deposits (called plaques) can build up in the arteries, the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart throughout the body. Over time, plaques narrow the arteries, producing atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). This can cause heart disease, heart attack, peripheral artery disease (reduced blood flow in the limbs, usually the legs), or stroke.
Low levels of HDL and high levels of triglycerides can also increase fat build-up in the arteries. High levels of HDL cholesterol, however, protect the heart by helping to remove the build-up of LDL from the arteries.
Types of dyslipidemia:
Primary dyslipidemia: Genetic factors cause primary dyslipidemia, and it is inherited.
Secondary dyslipidemia: Secondary dyslipidemia is caused by lifestyle factors or medical conditions that interfere with blood lipid levels over time like obesity, diabetes, etc.
The following lifestyle changes are proven to work for people with high cholesterol:
- Nutrition and food
- Losing weight if you’re overweight or obese.
- Stop smoking
Institute of Applied Dermatology, Kasaragod, provides regular counseling, dietary management, and integrative treatment for these conditions.