Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin (the hormone that moves sugar from the blood to cells to be used or stored as energy) or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make. Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
Type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes (previously called juvenile diabetes) is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.
Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
The causes of diabetes are not known. The following risk factors may increase your chance of getting diabetes:
- Family history of diabetes or a personal history of gestational diabetes.
- African-American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian-American race, Pacific Islander, or ethnic background.
- Injury to the pancreas (such as infection, tumour, surgery, or accident).
- Autoimmune disease.
- Age (risk increases with age).
- Physical stress (such as surgery or illness).
The symptoms of diabetes include:
- Increased thirst (polydipsia)
- Increased hunger (polyphagia) especially after eating.
- Dry mouth.
- Frequent urination (polyuria).
- Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry).
Healthy eating is a central part of managing diabetes. In some cases, changing your diet may be enough to control the disease. We here at the Institute of Applied Dermatology, provide an integrative diet for the patients based on their condition. We also provide ayurvedic and homoeopathic treatment for early diabetes.
People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care. This includes monitoring blood glucose levels, dietary management, maintaining physical activity, keeping weight and stress under control, monitoring oral medications and, if required, insulin use via injections or pump.